WATERBORNE DISEASES

HEALTH IMPACTS OF CONTAMINATED WATER

Unsafe drinking water is a major cause of several diseases. Poor sanitation and poor hygiene have been the root for several disease episodes. Infant mortality and child malnutrition in low-income areas of Indonesia are greatly associated with inadequate access to safe water and basic sanitation.

Water-borne diseases

The availability and uptake of immunizations is quite dismal. Epidemic diseases have not yet been controlled and periodic outbreaks continue to threaten the health of citizens on a regular basis, while diseases remain endemic. Precautions and immunizations aare necessary to reduce substantial health risks.

TYPES OF DISEASES

  • Bacterial diseases

    Cholera
    E.coli infection
    Dysentery
    Salmonellosis (Salmonella)
    Typhoid fever

  • Viral Infections

    Adenovirus infection
    Gastroeneritus
    Hepatitis A
    Polio
    Dengue Fever
    West Nile Fever
    Protozoa

  • Parasitic Diseases

    Amoebiasis
    Cryptosporidiosis
    Cyclosporiasis
    Giardiasis (Giardia)
    Helminths

LOOKING FOR SOLUTIONS

Indonesian public health controls are not effective. Clean water, modern sanitation and processing facilities are rarely available. People need to be extra careful and maintain personal responsibility on a regular basis. In some cases, even bottled or carbonated water and other processed beverages do not match safe standards. While all tap water is boiled, it may not destroy heat-resistant cysts formed by amoebae.