Bore water or groundwater is the most common source of water in India, assessed by drilling the ground and pumping water from the aquifers. An aquifer is a water-holding permeable rock or clay that holds groundwater. When such water is pumped out, it carries dissolved salts, chemicals, and microorganisms which can be potentially harmful to a human body.
Largely, borewell water is the rainwater that seeps deep into the ground and gets trapped between the rock layers. The level of contaminants in this source of water depends on how deep the borewell is. There are two types of borewells – Deep and Shallow.
When an aquifer is below 20 meters, deep bores are usually used. Shallow bores are under 15 meters. The quality of water in deep and confined bores can be affected by high concentration of naturally occurring hazardous chemicals and minerals. In case of shallow bores, the microbial and chemical contamination is high as it is not protected by thick layers of clay and soil, making it unfit for intake. Regions where borewell water is consumed, the water extracted may carry with it defecate and other substances that lead to water contamination (Source: bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com).
The TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) levels of borewell water are also usually higher compared to other sources like Tank or Municipal. TDS levels of borewell water is generally around 500ppm or higher (*Source: Times of India), which makes water taste very saline, making it difficult to consume.
To treat borewell water you need advanced purification technologies like Reverse Osmosis (RO) and Ultra Violet (UV) Filtration.
First step is to get the TDS levels tested. In the results, when the TDS meter shows a value more of than 300ppm, which is most likely the case for borewell water, choose a RO water purifier for your home. Only RO purification technology can remove excess TDS, softening and sweetening the taste of water, to give you only pure drinking water.
If at all your TDS is less than 300ppm, you can choose a UV water purifier. Water with low TDS levels can be treated with ultraviolet light rays that help in eliminating all the bacteria or microorganisms that may exist in the water.
You can also go for a mineral RO technology, like that of Pureit Mineral RO water purifiers that add back essential minerals like Calcium and Magnesium in RO purified water.
Most families prefer installing a combination of RO and UV water purifier as it efficiently removes excess TDS, chemicals, as well as pathogens present in the water, making it absolutely healthy for everyday consumption.
Water received from any source must go through a purification process. Clean and pure drinking water is a necessity, as it assists your body in fighting bacteria and viruses. Therefore, compromising on choosing the best water purifier is not an option, risking the health of yourself and your loved ones. Bring home a Pureit water purifier which ticks all the required boxes and provides safe drinking water to all the members of your house.